Prof Theodore Scaltsas
Dory Scaltsas holds the Chair of Ancient Philosophy in the Philosophy Department.
He studied philosophy and mathematics at Duke (B.S.), and at Brandeis (M.A.) and metaphysics for his doctoral work at Oxford (D.Phil.), where he wrote his thesis on Aristotle’s theory of substance, supervised by John Ackrill and Peter Strawson.
Dory’s first appointment was at New College, Oxford, as Lecturer in Philosophy, 1980-84. He then joined our department, where he now holds the Chair of Ancient Philosophy. He has held Research Fellowships at various Universities.
He directs Project Archelogos, a research project for the creation of an argument-database, using a new methodology for the analysis into arguments of Plato’s and Aristotle’s philosophical texts. Project Archelogos enjoys wide international collaboration and received the Henry Ford Foundation Award for the Preservation of European Culture in 1997. The Project is also being used for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching in Britain and abroad. A further series of projects he has initiated centre on Argument Visualisation -- the use of computers to graphically represent the structure and conceptual relations between theses and/or arguments.
Dory’s current research interests span ancient metaphysics, contemporary metaphysics, and ancient epistemology.
He works on the ontology of plural subjects (many individuals sharing the same instance of a property) and the ontology of relations in Plato; also, on parts and wholes, mixtures, and on substantial holism in Aristotle and contemporary metaphysics. He is further working on Plato's theory of knowledge.
- Digital Museum of Zeno of Citium and Stoicism, for Cyprus' EU Presidency. Within the framework of Cyprus' Presidency of the European Union 2012, the Secretariat for the Presidency and the Cypriot Ministry of Education and Culture funded the creation of the a museuological innovation: a Museum of Ideas of Zeno and Stoicism.
- Creative Emotional Reasoning C2Learn Funded by EU 7th Framework Programme ICT (Information and Communication Technologies, €3.3M) to explore lateral thinking and creativity.
- Project Archelogos, Mr George David - 3E + Leventis Foundation. (See under Publications below).
- Harvard University (1987-8)
- Princeton University (1989)
- University of Sydney (1991)
- Dartmouth College (1993)
- Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (2000)
- University of Cyprus (2005)
- The Philosophy of Epictetus (co-ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
- The Philosophy of Zeno of Citium (co-ed., Larnaca Press, ISBN 9-963-60323-8, 2002).
- Argument Analysis of Aristotle's On Generation and Corruption (1998), published by Project Archelogos.
- Substances and Universals in Aristotle's Metaphysics, (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994; paperback ed. 2010)
- Unity, Identity, and Explanation in Aristotle's Metaphysics (co-ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
- The Golden Age of Virtue: Aristotle's Ethics (Athens: Alexandria Press, 1993; reprinted 2010)
- Aristotelian Realism, Deukalion Special Issue (ed., Athens: Daedalos Press, 1993).
- ‘Relations as Plural-Predication in Plato’ in Studia Neoaristotelica: A Journal of Analytical Scholasticism, 10.1, 2013, 28-49.
- “The Ontology of the ‘Now’ in Aristotle”, forthcoming in Aristotle on Time, the Aristotelian Symposium series of Les éditions Ousia.
- “Knowledge as ‘True Belief Plus Individuation’ in Plato”, TOPOI 31.2 (2012), 137-149.
- 'Identity, Individuation, and Uniqueness in Stoic Metaphysics', in Philosophical Inquiry (2011), pp. 1-14.
- 'Mixing the Elements', in Blackwell Companion to Aristotle, ed. George Anagnostopoulos (Blackwell, Oxford, 2009) and here.
- 'The Ontology of Knowledge and Belief in Republic V', 2007.
- 'Sharing a Property', in Remembering Socrates: Philosophical Essays, eds. L. Judson, V. Karasmanis (Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 142-156, 2006).
- 'Mixed Determinates: Pleasure, Good, Truth', in Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics, ed. T. Chappell (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2006) pp.239-256.
- “Computational Models of Rhetorical Argument”, co-authored with J. Crosswhite, J. Fox, C. Reed, T. Scaltsas, S. Stumpf, in Argumentation Machines: New Frontiers in Argument and Computation”, eds. Reed, C., Norman, T.J. (Kluwer 2004).
- 'Human Good, Human Reason, and Genetic Engineering', in Virtue, Nature, and Normativity, eds. Antonio Da Re and Gabriele De Anna (Padova, 2004).
- 'If Both, then Each' in Socrates, ed. V. Karasmanis (Academia Verlag, Munich, 2003), pp. 293-298. Italian translation published in Dianoia, 2006.
- 'Digital Philosophical Reasoning' in Information Technology and Scholarship, ed. T.J. Coppock, (London: The British Academy, 1999) 7-17.
- 'Representation of Philosophical Argumentation', in T. Bynum and J. Moor, eds., Philosophy and Computers, (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1998).
- 'Metaphysical Models of the Mind in Aristotle', Philosophical Inquiry 18 (1996): 31-42.
- 'Biological Matter and Perceptual Powers in Aristotle's De Anima', Topoi 15 (1996): 25-37.
- 'Good, Reason, and Objectivity in Aristotle', in D. Koutras, ed., Aristotelian Ethics and Its Influence, (Athens, 1996) 292-305, on the Function Argument.
- 'Posidonius on the Growing Argument', in Rhodes, Twenty Four Centuries, (Athens: The Academy of Athens, 1996) 113-122.
- 'Reciprocal Justice in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics', Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 77, 1995, pp. 248-262. Also here.
- 'Substantial Holism', in Unity, Identity and Explanation in Aristotle's Metaphysics, eds. Scaltsas, Charles, Gill,(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994) pp. 107-128.
- 'Fairness in Socratic Justice: Republic I', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.1992-3
- 'Aristotle's 'Second Man' Argument' Phronesis 1993, pp. 117-136; reprinted in Aristotelian Realism, ed. Scaltsas, Deukalion, pp. 335-55.
- 'A Necessary Falsehood in the Third Man Argument', Phronesis 1992 pp.216-232.
- 'Parallel Governing', Journal of Applied Philosophy 7.2 (1990), pp. 153-158.
- 'Soul as Attunement: An Analogy or a Model?', Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 121 (1990), pp. 110-119.
- 'Is a Whole Identical to Its Parts?', Mind (1990), pp.583-98.
- "Socrates' Moral Realism: An Alternative Justification", in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (1989), pp. 129-150.
- 'The Logic of the Dilemma of Participation and of the Third Man Argument', in Apeiron (1989), pp. 67-90.
- 'Weakness of Will in Aristotle's Ethics', in Southern Journal of Philosophy (1986), 375-82.
- 'Substratum, Subject, and Substance', in Ancient Philosophy 2 (1985), pp. 215-240; revised and reprinted in Aristotle's Ontology, ed. A. Preus and J. Anton (Albany, NY, 1992), pp. 179-211
- 'The Uniqueness of Particulars', in Philosophia (1984), pp. 273-297.
- 'Identity, Origin and Spatio-Temporal Continuity', in Philosophy (1981), pp. 395-402.
- 'The Ship of Theseus', in Analysis (1980), pp. 152-157
- Argument Analyses of Plato’s and Aristotle’s works at: http://archelogos.com/archelogos/database.htm
- Hugh Benson - Plato’s Charmides, 1998.
- Robin Waterfield - Plato’s Gorgias, 2001.
- David Robinson & F.-G. Herrmann - Plato’s Lysis, 1999.
- Christopher Rowe - Plato’s Republic V, completed, forthcoming.
- George Rudebush - Plato's Philebus, completed, forthcoming.
- Timothy Chappell - Plato’s Theaetetus, 2002.
- Robert Heinaman - Aristotle’s Metaphysics Z, 2002.
- S Marc Cohen & Gareth Matthews - Aristotle’s Metaphysics K, 2008.
- Paula Gottlieb - Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics I-II, 2001.
- Norman Dahl - Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics III-IV, 2008.
- Carlo Natali - Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics X, 2008.
- Theodore Scaltsas - Aristotle’s On Generation and Corruption, 1998.
- Allan Bäck - Aristotle’s Prior Analytics I, completed, forthcoming.
- George Kennedy - Aristotle’s Rhetoric III, 1999.
The Archelogos projects have been supported by the Leventis, the Carnegie, the Leverhulme, and the Kostopoulos Foundations, the Directorate of Education of the European Community, and the Hellenic Ship-owners Association in London.
- Philosophy Computing/Equipment Representative
Wednesday 12pm - 1pm
Students Supervised Outside PPLS:
- Jane Orton (School of History, Classics and Archaeology)