School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences

Prof Theodore Scaltsas

Photograph of Prof Theodore Scaltsas
0131 650 3649
6.03 (DSB)
Research Interests
Ancient Philosophy; Contemporary Metaphysics.

Dory Scaltsas holds the Chair of Ancient Philosophy in the Philosophy Department.

He studied philosophy and mathematics at Duke (B.S.), and at Brandeis (M.A.) and metaphysics for his doctoral work at Oxford (D.Phil.), where he wrote his thesis on Aristotle’s theory of substance, supervised by John Ackrill and Peter Strawson.

Dory’s first appointment was at New College, Oxford, as Lecturer in Philosophy, 1980-84. He then joined our department, where he now holds the Chair of Ancient Philosophy. He has held Research Fellowships at various Universities.

He directs Project Archelogos, a research project for the creation of an argument-database, using a new methodology for the analysis into arguments of Plato’s and Aristotle’s philosophical texts. Project Archelogos enjoys wide international collaboration and received the Henry Ford Foundation Award for the Preservation of European Culture in 1997. The Project is also being used for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching in Britain and abroad. A further series of projects he has initiated centre on Argument Visualisation -- the use of computers to graphically represent the structure and conceptual relations between theses and/or arguments.

Current Research

Dory’s current research is on the theory of creative thinking; on the relation of emotions to creative thinking; and on emotions in decision making.

His recent research interests span ancient metaphysics, contemporary metaphysics, and ancient epistemology.

He works on the ontology of plural subjects (many individuals sharing the same instance of a property); on parts and wholes; mixtures; and on substantial holism in Aristotle and contemporary metaphysics. He further works on Plato's theory of knowledge.

Research Projects

  1. Digital Exhibition of Zeno of Citium and Stoicism, for Cyprus' EU Presidency. Within the framework of Cyprus' Presidency of the European Union 2012, the Secretariat for the Presidency and the Cypriot Ministry of Education and Culture funded the creation of an Exhibition of the Ideas of Zeno and Stoicism.
  2. Creative Emotional Reasoning C2Learn Funded by EU 7th Framework Programme ICT (Information and Communication Technologies, €3.3M) to explore lateral thinking, emotions and creativity.
  3. Project Archelogos, Mr George David - 3E + Leventis Foundation. (See under Publications below).
  4. Latest research grants/projects

Visiting and Research positions

  • Harvard University (1987-8)
  • Princeton University (1989)
  • University of Sydney (1991)
  • Dartmouth College (1993)
  • Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (2000)
  • University of Cyprus (2005)



Archelogos publications

The Archelogos projects have been supported by the Leventis, the Carnegie, the Leverhulme, and the Kostopoulos Foundations, the Directorate of Education of the European Community, and the Hellenic Ship-owners Association in London.

Administrative Roles

  • Course Organiser for Philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment
  • Course Organiser for Philosophy of Religion
  • Course Organiser for History of Modern Philosophy Texts
  • Course Organiser for Ancient Ethics
  • Course Organiser for Applied Ethics
  • Course Organiser for Philosophy of Wittgenstein
  • Course Organiser for The Nature of Moral Understanding
  • Philosophy Computing/Equipment Representative

Office Hours:

Wednesday 1pm-2:00pm